Key Provisions of Labor Laws in Bangladesh

Key Provisions of Labor Laws in Bangladesh

Key Provisions of Labor Laws in Bangladesh

1. Maximum Capacity of Canteen: According to Section 87, the canteen should have a capacity of at least 10 percent of the workers.

2. Location of Canteen Establishment: The canteen should be located within 6 meters of the toilet and washing room, and within 15 meters of a clean water source or a source of clean water. (Section 87)

3. Composition of Canteen Management Committee: The Canteen Management Committee should consist of a minimum of two and a maximum of five workers. (Section 87)

4. Division of Dining Space for Workers: Dining space in the food room should be divided into 15 portions for each group of workers. 

5. Compensatory Leave for Injured Workers: Injured workers should be granted compensatory leave within three working days after becoming fit for work again. (Section 101)

6. Overtime Meal Rate: The rate of meals provided after regular hours of work should be equivalent to the regular wages. (Section 102)

7. Restrictions on Women's Night Work: Women workers are not allowed to work between 10 PM and 6 AM unless written consent is given, as per Form-35. (Section 103)

8. Festival Leave After Casual or Sick Leave: If a weekly or festival holiday falls after casual or sick leave, it shall be treated as additional leave. (Section 106)

9. Annual Leave Entitlement Calculation: Annual leave is calculated by dividing the total days worked in the preceding 12 months by 18, and the result is added to the last month's wage. (Section 107)

10. Limitation on Advance Payment Deduction: Employers cannot deduct more than half of an employee's wages as an advance payment. (Section 107)

11. Minimum Annual Leave Determination: The date for determining the annual leave should be December 31st of each year. (Section 110)

12. Double Festival Bonus: Workers who have completed one year of service are entitled to two festival bonuses per year. (Section 111)

13. Compensation for Delayed Payment: Employers must provide a written notice at least 10 days in advance if there is a delay in wage payment. (Section 112)

14. Payment of Wages During Termination: Wages of terminated workers must be paid within seven working days. (Section 112)

15. Payment of Other Dues: All other dues should be paid within 30 working days. (Section 112)

16. Calculation of Incomplete Month's Salary: Salary for an incomplete month should be calculated by dividing the total working days in that month. (Section 114)

17. Advance Salary Limit: Advance salary cannot exceed the amount of two-thirds of the expected monthly wages. (Section 114)

18. Tenure of Wage Board: The tenure of the Wage Board will be three years from the date of its publication in the government gazette. (Section 123)

19. Language of Lowest Wage Notice: The lowest wage notice must be in the Bengali language. (Section 133)

20. Additional Compensation for Underpayment: If an employer pays less than the minimum wage, they must compensate by paying an additional 50% of the shortfall. (Section 133)

21. Employer's Responsibility for Injured Workers: Employers are responsible for covering the medical expenses of injured workers in workplace accidents. (Section 142)

22. Health Examination by Female Doctors: Female workers should be examined by female doctors unless a female doctor is not available. (Section 145)

23. Formation of Trade Union "BDwbqb": A trade union can be formed with a minimum of 800 members. (Section 167)

24. Minimum Number of Workers on a Farm: A farm should have a minimum of 5 workers. (Section 167)

25. Application for Trade Union Membership: Workers can apply for trade union membership through the Labor Director or an authorized officer. (Section 172)

26. Minimum Number for Joint Participation Committee: Joint Participation Committees should consist of 50 members. (Section 183)

27. Composition of Joint Participation Committee: A Joint Participation Committee can have a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 30 members. (Section 183)

28. Qualifications for Joint Participation Committee Membership: To be eligible, a worker must be an adult and have worked in the establishment for at least six months. (Section 189)

29. Female Members in Joint Participation Committees: If 10% of the workers are female, then at least 50% of the Joint Participation Committee members should be female. (Section 189)

30. Chairman of the Committee: The chairman of the committee can be either the employer or a person authorized by the employer. (Section 194)

31. Vice-Chairman of the Committee: A vice-chairman can be selected from among the worker representatives. (Section 194)

32. Who Cannot Be Voters: Temporary, probationary, trainee, and workers employed for less than three months cannot be voters.
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